Homeopaths in South Africa are healthcare professionals who diagnose, treat and manage patients with homeopathic medicines. South African homeopaths are also allowed to prescribe herbal medicines and utilise clinical nutrition in the treatment and management process. These modalities do not simply include over-the-counter (OTC) homeopathic and herbal remedies or nutritional supplements. In South Africa, a homeopath is allowed to compound and dispense homeopathic and herbal medicines and is licensed to do so by the Department of Health. It is these medicines that many medical aids pay for whereas OTC preparations may not be covered.